History and Description
Carlington is bounded by Carling Avenue to the north, Kingston Avenue and Caldwell Avenue to the south, Fisher Avenue to the east, and Maitland to the west. This neighborhood contains a small number of older homes that were built after WWII to accommodate returning veterans. These homes were known as “war homes” or “veteran homes”. Many of the street names (e.g., Admiral, Veteran, Marshall) reflect the military heritage of the neighbourhood.
As of the 2006 census, Carlington had 10,107 residents. The population consists mainly of young and middle aged adults, which is representative of most neighbourhoods in the City of Ottawa. The distribution across age groups was as follows: 12% were children under 9 years of age, 13% were youth aged 10 to 19, 31% were young adults aged 20 to 39, 36% were middle aged adults aged 40 to 69, and 7.8% were seniors aged 70 to 89.
In terms of knowledge of official languages, 67% or Carlington residents reported that they could speak or understand English only, 1.6% reported that they could speak or understand French only, 29% reported that they could speak or understand both English and French, and 1.9% reported that they knew neither. 14.5% of residents reported that the language spoken most often at home was neither English nor French. This neighbourhood is diverse; 31% of the residents reported that they represent a visible minority (city average: 20%), while 3% of residents identified as Aboriginal (First Nations, Inuit or Métis) (city average: 2%). 29% of the population were immigrants who came to Canada between 1996 and 2006, and 19% were recent immigrants (i.e. came to Canada between 2001 and 2006), compared to the city average of 14.3%. 34% of residents aged 15 and over were first generation immigrants, 18% were second generation immigrants, and 48% were third generation or higher. Among the immigrants, 27% were from Asia or the Middle East, 27% were from Africa, 8.5% were from the Caribbean, 2.4% were from the United States, 28% were from Europe, and 13% were from South or Central America.
In 2006, the average individual income in Carlington was $27,905 and average household income was $47,007: these are well below the Ottawa averages of $34,844 and $86,848. The percent of people below the Low Income Cut-Off (LICO) was 30%: this is much higher than the city average of 14.1%, but has decreased from 35% in 2001. 48.4% of children in the Carlington area were living below the LICO (Ottawa average: 17%), while 6% of seniors in the area were living below the LICO (Ottawa average: 6.9%). Of residents living in families, 32% were in lone parent families (Ottawa average: 16%). 35% of Carlington’s seniors were living alone (Ottawa average: 27%).
The education level in this neighbourhood was somewhat below average: 24.5% of residents did not complete high school, 28% completed high school, 8.3% completed an apprenticeship or trades certificate, 16% completed college or CEGEP and 22% completed a bachelor’s degree.
The neighbourhood socio-economic index is based on average income, percent below the LICO, the unemployment rate, the percent of people with less than a high school education, and the percent of families that are lone parent. Based on this index, neighbourhoods were divided into quintiles, with 1 representing most advantage and 5 representing the least advantage. Carlington is in the 5th socio-economic quintile.
63% of Carlington residents participated in the labour force. The unemployment rate was 8.6% (Ottawa average: 5.9%), youth unemployment was 16% (Ottawa average: 13.8%). Of those who were employed, 50% worked full-time, 45% worked part-time, and 5% did not work in the year before the census. 44% of residents do unpaid work, including housework, or unpaid care to seniors or children.
Transportation to Work
Among those who worked, 51% drove a car, truck, or van to work, 9% rode in a car, truck, or van as a passenger, 28% used public transit, 8.2% walked to work, 3.2 % biked to work, and less than 1% used other methods of transportation.
Carlington is a somewhat older neighbourhood which has experienced limited housing development in recent decades. Many of the homes (44%) were built between 1946 and 1960, while another 36% were built between 1961 and 1980. Additionally, 9% were built between 1981 and 2006. Additionally, 15% of homes were built between 1981 and 1990 and another 10% were built before 1946.
In 2006, Carlington had 4,547 dwellings: 28% were single detached, 7.2% were semi-detached, 13% were row houses, 23% were apartments with more than 5 stories, 26% were apartments fewer than 5 stories and 3.4% were other types of dwellings. Most (64%) of the residents rented and 36% owned their homes. Housing is unaffordable for many residents in the neighbourhood: 23% of residents (down from 34% in 2001) pay more than 30% of their income on shelter (near the city average of 24%). 12% of the dwellings were reported to be in need of major repairs (above the city average of 6.3%). The number of people per room, a measure of crowding, was above the city average (.38), at .41.